the officers

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As a graduate student in Military History, with a focus on the American Civil War, I need to get my head around all the players. I’m introduced to hundreds of individuals via my reading and find the blog a great way to keep track. I need a database! Yes I’ve seen other sites with bibliographies but better to do it myself for learning purposes. Note that I’ll be filling in names as I encounter them (admittedly I have some catching up to do) but will fill in the details as I have time to do so. Insight welcomed.

Anderson, Robert

Rank: Major, Union
Short facts

  • Sent by Washington to take over command of three forts in the Charleston, South Carolina area. These included: Sumter, Castle Pinckney and Moultrie.
  • A native of Kentucky, most ancestors were Southern as was his wife (she was from Georgia)
  • Owned slaves and sympathized with the South
  • Did his duty in defense of Fort Sumter
  • His father, Major Richard Anderson, defended Fort Moultrie (then Fort Sullivan) during the American Revolution.

Anderson, R. H.

Rank: TBD, CSA
Division commander

Beauregard, Pierre Gustave Toutant (P. G. T.)

Rank: General, CSA
Short facts

  • Creole
  • Diminutive
  • One of Jefferson Davis’ top generals although they did not get along

Benham, Henry

Rank: General, Union

ABurnsidecroppedBurnside, Ambrose E. (May 23, 1824 – September 13, 1881)

Rank: General, Union
Short facts

  • In February, 1862, Commanded land forces that landed 15,000 soldiers on Roanoke Island where they were victorious over 2,500 defenders who were entrenched but weakly. This allowed to Union to establish a land base to support naval operations in support of the blockade of Southern shipping ports.
  • Captured the port of New Bern, critical to the Confederacy because of its proximity to rail service inland.
  • Defeated in the Battle of Fredericksburg and Battle of the Crater.
  • Later served as Senator from Rhode Island

AColquittColquitt, Alfred Holt(April 20, 1824 – March 26, 1894)

Rank: Brigadier General, CSA
Short facts:
Commander under D.H. Hill

Cooke, John Rogers

Rank: Colonel, CSA
Short facts:
Sent by John Walker to occupy the Loudoun Heights, September 13,

DCouchCouch, Darius Nash (July 23, 1822 – February 12, 1897)

Rank: Major General, USA (Union)
Short facts:

  • Born in Putnam County, New York
  • Civil War Battles
    • Peninsula Campaign
    • Seven Days Battles
    • Battle of Antietam
    • Battle of Fredericksburg
    • Battle of Chancellorsville
    • Gettysburg Campaign
    • Franklin-Nashville Campaign and the Battle of Nashville

JacobCoxCox, Jacob Dolson (1828 – 1900)

Rank: Brig. General, USA
Short facts:
Commanded the Kanawha Division, a part of Burnside’s Ninth Corps (6 infantry regiments, 2 batteries of artillery)

Drayton, Percival

Rank: Unknown, Union
Short facts

  • Commanded the USS Pocahontas during the attack on Port Royal in 1861
  • Fought against is own brother, Brigadier General Thomas F. Drayton who led the defense of Port Royal on the ground.

Drayton, Thomas F.

Rank: Brigadier General, CSA
Short facts

  • Commanded defense of Port Royal in 1861 which was lost
  • Plantation owner – in fact – owned a plantation on the island and was a long time resident
  • Fought against his own brother, Percival Drayton, who commanded the USS Pocahontas which was among a fleet of Federal ships that bombarded the island.

Dupont

Rank: Flag Officer
Short facts

  • Made an unsuccessful attempt to attack Charleston in April of 1863 at the behest of Assistant Secretary of the Navy, Gustavus V. Fox.

Evans, Nathan “Shanks” G.

Rank: Brigadier General, CSA
Short Facts

  • An able fighter
  • Heavy drinker – court-martialed for drunkenness during Civil War
  • Thought highly of himself and let people know
  • Fought at Manassas where he made a solid contribution
  • Fought in Charleston arena

Ewell,

GFoxFox, Gustavus

Rank: Assistant Secretary of the Navy, Union
Short facts

  • Tried to relieve the men in Fort Sumter

RBGarnettGarnett, Richard B. (1817 – 1863)

Rank:
Captain, USA
Brigadier General, CSA
Short facts:

  • Charged by Jackson with dereliction of duty in the battle of Kernstown, March 1862 and arrested. Court-marshial delayed due to Second Manassas campaign.
  • Released from arrest by Lee’s Special Orders, No. 188 in early September 1862 and told to report to Longstreet. Given command of”a brigade of Virginians left temporarily without an officer of appropriate rank by the wounding of George Pickett.” Joseph L. Harsh, Take at the Flood, (Kent, Ohio: The Kent State University Press, 1999), 93.
  • Killed at Gettysburg

Gillmore, Quincy

Rank: General, Union
Short facts

  • Sent in to attempt to take Charleston and Fort Sumter
  • Known as a highly competent engineer who had used artillery to lay siege to fortresses with success
  • Landed 10,000 troops south of Charleston

Gist, States Rights

Rank: Brigadier General, CSA
Short facts:

  • Son of Revolutionary War patriot who named his sons to express his political point of view
  • Brothers were named “Independence” Gist and “Constitution” Gist
  • Fought in defense of Charleston

Hampton

CSA

Harmon, John A.

Rank: Major, CSA
Short Facts:
Jackson’s quartermaster

Hill, A. P.

DHHill CroppedHill, Daniel Harvey (D. H. Hill) (1821 – 1889)

Rank: Lieutenant General, CSA. Prior to the Civil War, held the rank of Major (USA) serving from 1842 – 1849.
Short facts:

  • Born in York District, South Carolina
  • Died in Charlotte, North Carolina
  • Civil War Battles: Battle of Big Bethel, Battle of Seven Pines, Seven Days Battles, Maryland Campaign, Battle of South Mountain, Battle of Antietam, Battle of Fredericksburg, Gettysburg Campaign, Battle of Chickamauga, Battle of Bentonville
  • Brother-in-law of Jackson.
  • Post war, worked in higher education and historical writing. Posts included serving as the first president of the University of Arkansas.

Hough, Daniel

Rank: Private, Union
Short facts

  • Fought on union side to defend Fort Sumter during outbreak of hostilities that led to war
  • Survived thirty-four hours of bombardment by Confederate shells
  • While leaving the fort after surrender, he was mortally injured during a 100 gun salute to the flag when a shell exploded prematurely. It ripped off his arm. Several others were also injured.
  • Considered by many to be the first casualty of the American Civil War

DavidHunterHunter, David

Rank: Major General, Union
Story from Harper’s Weekly providing excellent background material can be found at http://www.sonofthesouth.net/leefoundation/civil-war/1863/march/general-hunter.htm
Short Facts

  • Federal commander of Union land forces at Port Royal
  • An apparently unlikable man
  • Was despised by the Confederacy
  • Graduated from West Point in 1822 – Infantry – served in the army prior to resigning.
  • Fourth highest-ranking general of volunteers
  • Took it upon himself to emancipate the slaves in the Department of the South, an order which was revoked by President Lincoln
  • Presided over the military trial of the conspirators of Lincoln’s murder
  • Arrested General Henry Benham who was under his command after Benham was defeated at Seccesionville and charged him with disobedience of orders
  • According to William C. Davis in The Cause Lost: Myths and Realities of the Confederacy, “he was nearly incompetent in command, yet always managed to shift the blame for his failures to others.” (p. 59)

general_stonewall_jacksonJackson, Thomas Jonathan (Stonewall)

Rank: Major (USA) Lieutenant General (CSA)
Short Facts

  • Commanded the Stonewall Brigade and the Second Corps, Army of Northern Virginia
  • Born, January 21, 1824, Clarksburg, Virginia
  • Graduated from West Point, Class of 1846 17th out of 59
  • Brother-in-law of D. H. Hill
  • Killed May 10, 1863 at Guinea Station, Virginia, Battle of Chancellorsville by his own pickets accidentally shot him May 2, 1863.  While he survived,  lost of an arm to amputation and died of complications eight days later.

Jenkins, Albert

Johnson, Bradley Tyler

Rank: Brigadier General, CSA
Short Facts:
Democrat

Jones, D. R.

Rank: tbd, CSA

Kemper,

Rank: tbd, CSA

cwplee21.gifLee, Robert E. (1807 – 1870)

Rank: General, CSA
Photo credit: Library of Congress, Prints & Photographs Division, [reproduction number, LC-B8172-0001]
Short facts:

  • One of the senior generals on Jefferson Davis’ staff
  • Was a member of the old United States Army, graduating second in his class from West Point
  • Distinguished himself in the Mexican War
  • Came from an old and respected Virginia family
  • Was good looking by most accounts
  • Was frequently in an advisory role to President Jefferson Davis

ALLongLong, Armistead Lindsay (September 13, 1827 – April 29, 1891)

Rank: Major, Colonel, Brigadier General, CSA
Short facts:

  • General Robert E. Lee’s military secretary.
  • Promoted to brigadier general, September 23, 1863, and given command of the artillery in Lieutenant General Richard S. Ewell’s Second Corps

Loring, W. W.

Marshall, Charles

Rank: TBD, CSA
Staff officer who drafted important papers including the Proclamation to Marylanders delivered by Lee to assure residents of that state that the Confederates would treat them well.

GBMcMillanMcClellan, George Brinton (1826 – 1885)

Rank: Major General, Union
Short Facts:

  • Entered West Point at age 15 and graduated 2nd in the class of 1846
  • Veteran of the Mexican-American War
  • Chief engineer and vice president of the Illinois Central Railroad 1857
  • President of the Ohio and Mississippi Railroad in 1860
  • Commander of the Army of the Potomac
  • Briefly General-in-Chief of the Union Army (November 1861 to March 1862)
  • Opposed Lincoln as democratic nominee for president in 1864
  • Govenor of New Jersey, 1878 to 1881

McLaws, LaFayette

Rank: tbd, CSA
Division Commander

Claude-Etienne MiniéMinie, Claude-Etienne

Rank: Captain, French Army
Short facts:
1843, perfected the design of the cylindroconcoidal Bullet ["Minie ball"] invented by Captain Norton of the British army in 1832.

Miles, Dixon Stansbury (May 4, 1804 – September 16, 1862)

Rank: Colonel, USA
Short facts:

  • Graduated from the United States Military Academy, 1824
  • Accused of being drunk during the First Battle of Bull Run during which his unit was in reserve.
  • September 1862, given command of the Federal arsenal at Harpers Ferry.
  • Mortally wounded by a shell as he prepared to surrender his 12,419 men to Lee’s forces. Drunkenness again involved.

Moor, Augustus

Rank: Colonel, USA
Short facts:

The Federal column approaching Frederick was nothing less than the vanguard of Burnside’s Ninth Corps, the Kanawha Division under Brig. Gen. Jacob Cox, composed of six regiments of infantry and two batteries of artillery. The 6th New York Cavalry, which had been the eyes of the right wing, had been sent off earlier in the day to counter the move of Fitz Lee’s brigade to the north, and Cox found himself leading with his infantry. After crossing the Monocacy, he had formed Moor’s brigade in advance—stretching on both sides of the National road—supported by Scammon’s brigade. In the very front was Col. Augustus Moor, accompanied by a single cannon and a personal escort, a troop of Chicago Dragoons. In a moment of excess ardor, Moor dashed ahead of his infantry supports and entered the town. Seeing an opportunity too good to resist, Hampton’s rear guard charged down the street in a furious attack that even the jaundiced Dr. Steiner admitted was “in grand style.” The Federals, having just rounded a sharp bend, were taken completely by surprise. In a swirl of dust, horses thudded into one another, saddles were emptied, and the cannon discharged accidentally as it overturned. The Confederates captured ten prisoners, including Colonel Moor, but they could not bring off the gun as five of its horses were dead in their traces. At the sound of the commotion, Cox rushed forward at the double-quick with the 11th Ohio, only to find Hampton’s men escaping through the western end of the town. By 4:30 Frederick was in the hands of the Federals.1

1 Joseph L. Harsh, Taken at the Flood : Robert E. Lee and Confederate Strategy in the Maryland Campaign of 1862 / (Kent, OH: Kent State University Press, 1999) 207, Questia, 8 Aug. 2009 <http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=102364917>.

Munford, Thomas Taylor (1831 – 1918)

Rank: Colonel, CSA
Short facts:

  • Moved up when Beverly Robertson was relieved from command of the cavalry brigade to Turner Ashby in Jackson’s Valley campaign.” Source: Joseph L. Harsh, Take at the Flood, (Kent, Ohio: The Kent State University Press, 1999), 93.
  • Pemberton, John C.

    Rank: Major General, CSA

    WilliamPendletonPendleton, William Nelson (1809 – 1883)

    Rank:
    Second Lieutenant, USA
    Brigadier General, CSA
    Military Service:
    1830 – 1833, USA
    1861 – 1865, CSA
    Chief of the Reserve Artillery
    Harsh refers to Pendleton as “at his best somewhat below his responsibility.” Joseph L. Harsh, Take at the Flood, (Kent, Ohio: The Kent State University Press, 1999), 73.
    An episcopal priest

    Pickens, Francis W.

    Rank: Governor, South Carolina
    Short facts

  • Left office in December of 1862
  • Considered meddlesome by Confederate commanders
  • Pickett, George

    Rank: ,CSA
    Short facts:

    • Wounded at Gaines’ Mill

    Henry PleasantsPleasants, Henry

    Rank: Brig. General by war’s end, Union
    Short facts:

    • Commanding Officer of the 48th Pennsylvania Infantry Regiment
    • Mastermind behind the construction of the tunnel which became mine in The Battle of the Crater during the Siege of Petersburg

    Poague, William

    Rank: Captain, CSA
    Short facts:
    Commander of the Rockbridge Artillery and Robert E. Lee’s youngest son, Rob.
    Disciplined (put under arrest) because Jackson’s adjutant observed his allowing his men to ride the caissons and limbers across the Potomac in early September, 1862, against Lee’s orders. Joseph L. Harsh, Take at the Flood, (Kent, Ohio: The Kent State University Press, 1999), 88.

    Pope, John

    USA
    Commander of the Union Army of Virginia

    Randolph, Robert

    Rank: Captain, CSA
    Short facts:
    Commander of the Black Horse cavalry troop of the 4th Virginia, the only cavalry with Jackson as he first crossed the Potomac into Maryland at the beginning of the Maryland Campaign, early September 1862. Source: Joseph L. Harsh, Take at the Flood, (Kent, Ohio: The Kent State University Press, 1999), 88.

    John PopePope, John, 1822-1892

    Rank: Brevet Major General, USA

    Ripley, Roswell

    Rank: Colonel, CSA
    Short facts

  • Commander of Charleston’s Palmetto Guard
  • Occupied For Sumter after the Federals left it at the outbreak of hostilities between the North and South
  • Was actually a native of Ohio
  • John F. Reynolds

    Rank: Brig. General, USA

    BRobertsonRobertson, Beverly (1827 – 1910)

    Rank:
    Captain, USA
    Brigadier General, CSA
    Short facts:

    • Unpopular with both Stuart and Jackson
    • Relieved from “command of a cavalry brigade and ordered … to report to North Carolina to train new regiments of horse. This vacancy elevated the capable Col. Thomas Munford of the 2d Virginia to command of the brigade that had belonged to Turner Ashby in Jackson’s Valley campaign.” Source: Joseph L. Harsh, Take at the Flood, (Kent, Ohio: The Kent State University Press, 1999), 93.

    Strange, John B.

    Rank: Colonel, CSA

    GSykesSykes, Georges (1822 – 1880)

    Rank: Major General, USA (Union)
    Short facts:

    • Promoted to Major General after the Battle of Antietam
    • Nicknames “Tardy George” and “Slow Trot” Sykes

    Walker, John

    Division Commander CSA

    White, Julius (1816-1890)

    Rank: Brigadier General, USA

    ElijahWhiteWhite, Elijah “Lige” Veirs (1832 – 1907)

    Rank: Entered army as a private. Eventually became a Captain and then Lieutenant Colonel, CSA
    Short facts:

    • Born in Montgomery County, Maryland August 29, 1832 on his parent’s Stoney Castle plantation near Poolesville on the Edwards’ Ferry Road
    • Scout for General Jackson at opening of the Maryland Campaign

    Whiting, Charles

    Wilcox, Cadmus

    Rank: tbd, CSA

    Wood, William

    Rank: Lieutenant, CSA

    Wool, John

    USA
    Commander of the Middle Department

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    2 thoughts on “the officers

    1. A wonderful site, Rene. Great, you do the studying and all the hard work, & I’ll pop in here now & then to learn more about the Civil War.

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