Civil War Command and Leadership


Here’s a quick summary. “A study of national, theater, and operational command structures of the Union and Confederacy, the leadership styles of key military leaders on both sides, and the evolution of command and control in the war. Major themes include the relationship between the commanders in chief and the generals who led the armies in the field, the relationships between the generals themselves, and the ways in which the relationships described above either served to facilitate or debilitate the causes those commanders served.”

The professor, Steven E. Woodworth!
Steven Woodworth

* Ph.D., Rice University, 1987
* Professor of history at Texas Christian University
* Author, co-author, or editor of twenty-seven books you can view here
* Two-time winner of the Fletcher Pratt Award of the New York Civil War Round Table (for Jefferson Davis and His Generals and Davis and Lee at War)
* Two-time finalist for the Peter Seaborg Award of the George Tyler Moore Center for the Study of the Civil War (for While God Is Marching On and Nothing but Victory)
* Winner of the Grady McWhiney Award of the Dallas Civil War Round Table for lifetime contribution to the study of Civil War history can view here

Required Texts

Glatthaar, Joseph T. Partners in Command: The Relationships Between Leaders in the Civil War. New York: The Free Press, 1993.
McPherson, James M. Tried by War: Abraham Lincoln as Command-in-Chief. New York: Penguin, 2009
Woodworth, Steven E. Jefferson Davis and His Generals: The Failure of Confederate Command in the West. Lawrence, KS: University Press of Kansas, 1990.

Recommended Supplemental Reading:

Baugartner, Richard A. Blue Lightning-Wilder’s Mounted Infantry Brigade in the Battle of Chickamagua. Huntington, WV: Blue Acorn Press, 2007.
Bilby, Joseph G. A Revolution in Arms: A History of the First Repeating Rifles. Yardley, Pennsylvania: Westholme Publishing, LLC, 2006.
Blackford, William W. War Years with Jeb Stuart. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1945; Louisiana State University Press, 1993.
Bruce, Robert V. Lincoln and the Tools of War. Indianapolis: The Bobbs-Merrill Company, Inc., 1956.
Buckeridge, J.O. Lincoln’s Choice. Harrisburg, Pennsylvania: The Stackpole Company, 1956.
Davis, Burke. Jeb Stuart: The Last Cavalier. New York: Rinehart, 1957; New York: Wings Books, 1992.
Edwards, William B. Civil War Guns: The Complete Story of Federal and Confederate Small Arms: Design, Manufacture, Identification, Procurement, Issue, Employment, Effectiveness, and Postwar Disposal. Harrisburg, Pennsylvania: The Stackpole Company, 1962; Secaucus, New Jersey: Castle, 1982.
Fishel, Edwin C. The Secret War for the Union: The Untold Story of Military Intelligence in the Civil War. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1996.
Foote, Shelby. Civil War a Narrative-Fredericksburg to Meridian. New York, NY: Random House, 1986.
Freeman, Douglas Southall. Lee: An Abridgement in One Volume by Richard Harwell of the Four-Volume R.E. Lee. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1961.
Gallagher, Garry W. The American Civil War, This Mighty Scourge of War. Osceola, WI: Osprey, 2003.
Harsh, Joseph L. Taken at the Flood: Robert E. Lee and Confederate Strategy and the Maryland Campaign of 1862. Kent, OH: The Kent State University Press, 1999.
________ Confederate Tide Rising: Robert E. Lee and the Making of Southern Strategy, 1861 – 1862. Kent, OH: The Kent State University Press, 1998.
________ Sounding the Shallows: A Confederate Companion for the Maryland Campaign of 1862
. Kent, OH: The Kent State University Press, 2000.
Hartwig, D. Scott. “Who Would Not Be a Soldier: The Volunteers of ’62 in the Maryland Campaign.” In The Antietam Campaign, ed. Gary W. Gallagher. Chapel Hill, NC: The University of North Carolina Press, 1999.
Johnson, Robert Underwood and C.C. Buel. Battles and Leaders of the Civil War, 4 vols., New York: Century, 1884-1888.
Jones, Wilbur D. “Who Lost the Lost Order?” Civil War Regiments: A Journal of the American Civil War, Volume 5:3, 1997.
Kidd, J.H. Personal Recollections of a Cavalryman with Custer’s Michigan Cavalry Brigade in the Civil War. Ionia, Michigan: Sentinel Printing Company, 1908; reprint, Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1997.
Lee, Robert E. Lee the Soldier, ed. Gary W. Gallagher. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1996.
Longacre, Edward G. From Union Stars to Top Hat: A Biography of the Extraordinary General James Harrison Wilson. Harrisburg, Pennsylvania: Stackpole Books, 1972.
________. Lincoln’s Cavalrymen: A History of the Mounted Forces of the Army of the Potomac. Mechanicsburg, Pennsylvania: Stackpole Books, 2000.
Marcot, Roy M. Spencer Repeating Firearms. Irvine, California: Northwood Heritage Press, 1983.
Murfin, James V. The Gleam of Bayonets: The Battle of Antietam and the Maryland Campaign of 1862. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1965.
Rafuse, Ethan S. McClellan’s War: The Failure of Moderation in the Struggle for the Union. Bloomington and Indianapolis: Indiana University Press, 2005.
Rowell, John W. Yankee Artillerymen: Through the Civil War with Eli Lilly’s Indiana Battery. Knoxville: The University of Tennessee Press, 1975.
Sears, Stephen W. Landscape Turned Red: The Battle of Antietam. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1983.
Sunderland, Glenn W. Lightning at Hoover’s Gap: Wilder’s Brigade in the Civil War. Cranbury, New Jersey: Thomas Yoseloff, 1969.
Thomas, Emory M. Bold Dragoon: The Life of J.E.B. Stuart. New York: Random House, 1988.
Urwin, Gregory J.W. Custer Victorious: The Civil War Battles of General George Armstrong Custer. Edison, New Jersey: The Blue and Grey Press, 1983.
U.S. War Department. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies. 128 vols. Washington, D.C.: GPO, 1880-1901. Reprint, Harrisburg: Broadfoot Publishing Company, 1985.
Whittaker, Frederick. A Complete Life of General George A. Custer: Volume 1: Through the Civil War. New York: Sheldon & Company, 1876; reprint, Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1993.
Williams, Samuel C. “General John T. Wilder.” Indiana Magazine of History, September 1935.

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